14. A collaboration model for an Open Science Cloud between Europe and Brazil

Marco Vieira (U Coimbra), Silvana Muscella (Trust-IT Services), Sara Pittonet Gaiarin (Trust-IT Services), Jim Clarke (Waterford
Focus area: 
EU-Brazil co-operation priorities and common programmes. Insights from Brazilian and European policy makers
Who stands to benefit and how: 
A priority policy action for Europe and Brazil cooperation for the 2016 time-frame should be the definition and scoping of a public, open cloud infrastructure that all scientific researchers can use in an integrated way, the so called “Open Science Cloud”. Within this priority area, EUbrasilCloudFORUM is going to contribute in a strategic way to the definition, scoping and eventual creation of an EU-Brazil Open Science Cloud. The project will facilitate the establishment of an organisational cooperation model that enables the EU and Brazil to formulate and develop a common strategy and approach for Research & Innovation in Cloud Computing in line with the priorities of each region.
Focus of your position paper: 
A priority policy action for Europe and Brazil cooperation for the 2016 time-frame should be the definition and scoping of a public, open cloud infrastructure that all scientific researchers can use in an integrated way, removing silos. As part of the Digital Single Market strategy, this Open Science Cloud offers researchers from all disciplines a seamless, open access to the advanced digital capabilities, resources and expertise needed to collaborate and to carry out data-and computing-intensive science. The Oct. 2015 position paper entitled European Open Science Cloud for Research , presents a shared vision for the recently announced European Open Science Cloud for Research. The position paper details eight elements for the Open Science Cloud's success, namely that it be open, publicly funded & governed, research-centric, comprehensive, diverse & distributed, interoperable, service-oriented and social. Brazil and Europe can capitalise on EUBrasilCloudFORUM as a channel to exchange views on the digital economy and on how the stakeholders can come together to implement a collaboration model for an Open Science Cloud between Europe and Brazil. In particular, EUBrasilCloudFORUM has already identified the following recommendations: 1. Extending the Open Science Cloud Model to Brazil. In Brazil, the individual universities / academic institutions are currently utilising or implementing their own internal, and in some cases, they are not necessarily cloud based. In other words, not all universities have their internal cloud services set up already, but a number of them have various configurations e.g. commercial providers, self-developed, etc. At the same time, RNP wants to invest in expanding the datacentre cloud infrastructure through partnerships with institutions interested in participating in a Federated Community Cloud. The end goal was also to roll-out its own public infrastructure, which should still be a top priority. Therefore, we feel that Brazil should play a role in understanding how the EU’s Open Science Cloud model can be utilised and implemented in Brazil, with a view towards satisfying their aforementioned objectives in the establishment of a public cloud infrastructure for the science community. The tactical short term recommendation is that MCTI should assign an organisation to sit on the meetings of the Open Science cloud. 2. Engaging the user community. In order to support the creation of an Open Science Cloud, it is important to capitalise on the existing projects of cloud computing funded under the coordinated calls (EUBrazil_CloudConnect, EUBR-BIGSEA & SecureCloud) and use the results produced under the Open Science Cloud infrastructure, which can be rolled-out in the user community in Brazil also. Since these projects are mainly engaged with the development of cloud based services, the tactical short term recommendation is that the projects should be strongly encouraged to assist in the integration and development of cloud based services that could be used on the Open Science Cloud federated public community cloud network, when available. 3. Improving the “Co-ordinated Calls”. The EU-Brazil collaboration model, running the “Co-ordinated Calls” first established in 2010, has been fine tuned in subsequent calls. Still, there are aspects that could be improved in order to ensure the future sustainability of the research results and potentially support an industrial & market uptake. They include: availability of funding; participation and evaluation rules as well as calendars for joint actions supported by EC and MCTI/CNPq; balance of the composition of EU-Brazil consortia; practical aspects regarding management procedures and regional support for applicants. Attention and exploration should also be made to other funding opportunities and potential synergies with some of the CONFAP members e.g. FAPESP, FAPEMIG, …, for these above-mentioned joint call efforts with a view towards leveraging additional funds for future EU-Brazil calls. Likewise, EU Member States (MS) funding might also be leveraged as there are already a number of bi-lateral cooperation activities being explored between EU MS and Brazil e.g. Ireland - Brazil . The tactical short-term recommendation is that EC and MCTI should address these aspects when drafting the next round of Co-ordinated Calls. 4. Re-define topics for cooperation: Future calls should take into account the main challenges in Computer Science listed by the SBC, the analysis of the views and opinions of different stakeholders, collected via an online survey , and the capabilities and expertise of both European and Brazilian scientific communities. The tactical short-term recommendation is that topics to be included in the future calls should be organized around three main groups: a. Management of information over massive volumes of open distributed data; b. Computational modelling of complex systems; and c. Technological development of systems focusing on key quality attributes, namely dependability, security, scalability and ubiquity.